The success of a delegate's participation depends largely upon their level of preparation before the conference. Preparation is important for the flow of debate as the level of research conducted dictates the input of expert knowledge and the exchange of views and ideas. Delegates representing a country must understand the policies of their country and the issues being debated in depth to allow the debate to be as productive as possible. UBIMUN is as much a learning experience as it is a simulation experience and as such, the quality of the experience for all participants is dependent on the quality and amount of research each delegate conducts.
For research to be conducted effectively and efficiently, it is advised that delegates divide their research into three key areas of focus: country, topic, and committee.
Delegates should research information on the country they represent and compile it for reference during the conference. Research should include things like geographical, economic, political, demographic, social and historical information. If a delegate finds that the country they represent has a direct involvement or link to the topic of debate, the involvement is expected to be a priority area of research.
Delegates will be provided a study guide for the committee they are assigned to. It contains information on the topics being debated in the committee and acts as a guide to highlight specifically what delegates are advised to research in context to the topics. Reading of the study guide should be understood by delegates as being the bare minimum of topic research but this should not be taken as the only research conducted on the topic area. Delegates should research into the history of the topic; the involvement of countries, of institutions; past actions taken on the topic; and what is occuring in the present day in relation to the topic. Research on the topic is arguably the most important part of a delegate's research.
Understanding the role and function of the committee a delegate has been assigned to is important to the functioning of the debate. Delegates should research and understand the purpose of the committee and the extent of it's jurisdiction on issues. Understanding the committee is key to determining what is appropriate for the debate and how the committee can come to resolve the issues the committee is debating. Research on the committee should include the history of the committees involvement in the issue, associated subcommittees and their purpose, and the position of the committee in the wider UN system and it's associated global institutions and states.